Egyptian Arabic Dictionary


Pronunciation rules

Stress

In the pronounced form, the syllable that is stressed is underlined. Press to see these examples displayed correctly.

In most words, the second to last syllable is usually stressed.

iicftakar إفتـَكـَر
kutub كـُتـُب
mudaKan مـُد َخـَن

The stress moves to the last syllable if it contains a long vowel (alif, wow, yeh) or ends with a double consonant. Remember that the letter AIN is treated as a consonant.

taAbaan تـَعبا َن
maftwH مـَفتوح
yiduqq يـِد ُقّ

This means that the stress will move if suffixes are added to a word.

Feminine endings

When a word ends in _aaCiC (where C is any consonant) has a feminine ending attached, the i disappears and the aa is pronounced as an a.

waaHid وا َحـِد -> waaHdao وا َحد َة

Elision

If a word ends with a vowel and the first vowel of the next word is either an i or a u, the words are run together (elided) and the i or u omitted.

iicnta minyn? إنت َ مـِنين؟ -> iicntamnyn? إنتـَمنين؟

This also happens if you attach an object suffix that begins with an i.

consonant clusters

If putting two words next to each other makes more than two consonants in a row, a shwa (which sounds like a short a) is inserted between the words.

baAd kidah بـَعد كـِد َه -> baAdakidah بـَعد َكـِد َه

Sun letters

If the definite article, iil_ ا ِلـ, is attached to a word that begins with a sun-letter (t s sh d dh r z S D T Z n ت س ش د ذ ر ز ص ض ط ظ ن) the l is dropped and the sun-letter is doubled:

iil_ shams ا ِلـ شـَمس -> iishshams ا ِشّـَمس

Exceptions

The pronunciation of some pronoun and verb endings is a little unusual. For the you(pl) iicntoo إنتوا subject pronoun and for you(pl) and they in the verb perfect, the ending is written _w aa ـو اَ but pronounced _uh ــُه.

The word because is written Aalashaan عـَلـَشا َن but pronounced Aashaan عـَشا َن.

The word orange is written burtuqaal بـُرتـُقا َل but pronounced burtuqaan بـُرتـُقا َن.